2018 Waec  Gce Chemistry Practical Answers

Number 1 and 2 (2)
A is HCl(aq)
B is ZnSO4(aq)
C is NaOH(aq)
D is Pb(NO3)2(aq)

Reasons:
Row 1: Hcl is used to distinguish pb²+ from Zn²+ ions since both behave alike with NaOH.  It gives a white precipitate with pb²+ ions but not with Zn²+. The first row obviously shows that. Also there is usually no visible reaction when Hcl(A) and NaOH are mixed (c)

Row 2: When A and B mixes, the products Zncl2 and H2SO4 are soluble hence no visible reaction is seen. Between B and D, a white precipitate is seen because PbSO4 is insoluble. Between B and C, Zn²+ ions yield a while gelatinous precipitate with NaOH

(1ai)
Tabulate:
Burette reading |1 |2 |3 |
initial reading |0.00 |10.50|6.55 |
vol of acid used|24.80|24.00|24.10|

(1aii) Average volume of A used
Va = 24.00 + 24.10/2
= 24.05cm^3

(1bi)
Concentration of A in moldm^-3
A contains 0.79g of KMnO4 per 250cm³ of solution.

Hence since 250cm³ = 0.79g
100cm³ = Xg
X = 1000×0.79/250 = 3.16g

Hence Conc in g/dm³ of A = 3.16gdm^-³
But molar conc = mass conc(gdm^-³)/molar mass(g/mol)

Hence molar Conc.Of A= 3.16gdm^-3/molar mass ofA
But molar mass of A = KMnO4
= 39 + 55 + 4(16) = 39 + 55 + 64
= 158g/mol

Hence Conc in moldm^-³ of A = 3.16gdm^-3/158g/mol
= 0.020moldm^-3

(1bii)
To get concentration of B in moldm^-³, we use the relation
CAVA/CBVB = na /nb
Where,
CA = 0.02moldm^-³
VA = 24.05cm^-³
na = 1
CB = ?
VB = 25.0cm³
nb = 5
0.02×24.05/CB×25 = 1/5
CB = 5 × 0.02×24.05/25
= 2.405/25
=0.0962
CB = 0.096moldm^-³

(3ai)
Sodium is stored under paraffin oil to prevent its oxidation by atmospheric gases

(3aii)
Desiccator lid must be greased with a thin layer of grease, to ensure an airtight seal.

(3aiii)
Because it is hygroscopic

(3bi)
Add an acid eg HCL and this gives a neutralization reaction and the indicator react with the acids. Heat the solution to obtain the NaCL(s)

(3bii)
Dip a rod in aqueous Ammonia and dip in a beaker containing the acids, only HCl produces dense white fumes of ammonium chloride

(3ci)
(i)Beaker
(ii)glass rod

(3cii)
On adding the dilute HCL to Na3SO3 a gas with a chocking smell evolves

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